Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high.
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too
There are 2 main types of diabetes:
Many more people have blood sugar levels above the normal range, but not high enough to be diagnosed as
This is sometimes known as pre-diabetes. If your blood sugar level is above the normal range, your risk of developing full-blown diabetes is increased.
It's very important for diabetes to be diagnosed as early as possible because it will get progressively worse if left untreated.
Visit your Doctor as soon as possible if you experience the main symptoms of diabetes, which include:
The amount of sugar in the blood is controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is produced by the
pancreas (a gland behind the stomach).
When food is digested and enters your bloodstream, insulin moves glucose out of the blood and into cells, where it's broken down to produce energy.
However, if you have diabetes, your body is unable to break down glucose into energy. This is because there's either not enough insulin to move the glucose, or the insulin produced does not work properly.
There are no lifestyle changes you can make to lower your risk of type 1 diabetes.
You can help manage type 2 diabetes through healthy eating, regular exercise and achieving a healthy body weight.
If you're diagnosed with diabetes, you'll need to eat healthily, take regular exercise and carry out
regular blood tests to ensure your blood glucose levels stay balanced.
You can use the BMI healthy weight calculator to check whether you're a healthy weight.
You can find apps and tools to help you manage your diabetes and have a healthier lifestyle in the NHS Apps Library.
People diagnosed with type 1 diabetes also require regular insulin injections for the rest of their life.
As type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition, medicine may eventually be required, usually in the form of tablets.